In this page I will not list all the existing linux distro but I will only publish those that I love to use, or that fall into the category of light distributions. The motivation of my choice falls on the fact that I love the minimal and fast distributions (without unnecessary frills), without unnecessary pre-installed programs. Maybe someone may not like the fact of having an inconspicuous operating system in terms of aesthetics, but I often work with laptops, I prefer not to exceed that threshold of lightness, which allows me to have a computer stable, fast, and does not consume too much ram, giving more life to the battery.


::: What is a Linux distribution? :::


Linux is free software and as such is freely editable by anyone, this possibility has led, over the years, several people to create their "version" (distribution) of Linux depending on their needs. Some are not very different, others are very different from each other. The distributions are divided into "families" grouping them according to certain characteristics that I will not analyze in detail.

The first difference is the graphics. On Linux it is possible to use different graphic environments that are not, as happens on Windows, simple themes. They are very different graphic environments, some are very thin and very reactive, others are richer and more resource-hungry.

Another very marked difference between Linux distributions may be that related to the method of installing programs, but this affects the most advanced users. Other differences may concern the "spirit" of the distribution: some prefer to use completely free software, even at the cost of being penalized by the use of certain file formats, while others are more likely to accept bits of proprietary software
to have an experience more complete.
All these Linux distributions basically share the same "engine", the kernel (core) of the operating system, that part of the operating system that performs all the basic functions. Around this kernel have been built many operating systems different from each other, Linux distributions, all similar but different from each other.


::: What does LTS mean in a Linux Distro? :::

LTS stands for Long Term Support.
The versions of Ubuntu or other distro with this name will have a much longer support than a no-LTS.
The period is 5 years, in which security updates, system stability and translation will be released.
After 5 years, a new LTS will be issued.

::: LUBUNTU :::



Lubuntu is one of the most popular and widely used Linux distributions. Minimum hardware requirements of Lubuntu
It can work on almost any hardware.
In my opinion it is one of the best existing Linux distributions,
suitable not only for older computers but also for the most modern ones,
for those who like to work smoothly or slow down the system,
abandoning the useless frills of certain Linux distributions full of transparency effects
and various useless things. ;)

Pentium 4, Pentium M, AMD K8 or newer CPU. Clock frequency of at least 266 MHz. 512 MB of RAM
3 GB of disk space (or more) If you have some additional hardware resources, it's definitely an advantage.

The requirements listed are for version 16.04 LTS, other versions may have slightly different requirements. Based on Ubuntu, without unnecessary software installation
It has all the essential software pre-installed (suite for office productivity, browsers, multimedia players, etc..
Use LXDE. Future versions will use LXQt
Great and active support from the community. A couple of Lubuntu support groups are also active
Easily installed (and usable) via a USB flash drive


::: LXLE :::



As an alternative to Lubuntu, you can use LXLE.
Based on Lubuntu, it leverages the performance optimizations of a lightweight distribution
associated with a beautiful user interface.
Minimum LXLE hardware requirements
Similar to Lubuntu.

Pentium 3 processor,
At least 512 MB of RAM,
8 GB of disk space.

Data and characteristics of LXLE
Distro easy to configure: just install it and you're ready to go.
Complex configurations are not required.
Great for users of Windows XP / Vista / 7
Wide variety of pre-installed and pre-installed applications
Based on LXDE
It only has LTS versions
Easily installed (and usable) via a USB flash drive.


::: PEPPERMINT :::



The Cloud-based Linux desktop.
You can integrate any cloud-based (web) app into the Peppermint operating system.
It does not have many preinstalled apps so you can customize Peppermint according to your needs.

Peppermint is the distribution I prefer most along with Lubuntu,
is a perfect cross between LXDE AND XFCE,
light and fast without giving up some transparency effect (on the windows),
in my opinion useful when working with multiple active windows on the desktop.

Peppermint's minimum hardware requirements:

It does not need a lot of resources,
but for good use we recommend using this distribution
with more resources than the minimum requirements.

512 MB of RAM (1 GB recommended)
Any processor based on Intel x86 architecture
At least 3.6 GB of disk space
Data and characteristics of Peppermint
It is the desktop cloud by definition.

Easily integrated with the Web app
You can only install the software you want
Excellent user interface, especially if you're moving from Windows
Based on Lubuntu
LXDE Desktop Environment
Easily installed (and usable) via a USB flash drive.


::: SPARKYLINUX :::



SparkyLinux is a small surprise,
light, well optimized is the first distro to exploit Debian Testing,
including all the news.
SparkyLinux is a distro mainly dedicated to PCs with hardware resources not high,
but that can be an excellent substitute for other more famous and used for any purpose.

The fact of being based on Debian Testing,
makes it extremely up-to-date, especially with regard to drivers and applications,
and also carries some really interesting "goodies".
First of all, you can choose some of the main desktop managers,
by downloading the dedicated ISO, a long list that includes:

LXDE
Xfce
MATE
KDE
LXQt

But you can also simply download the "minimal" version that weighs only 788
mb and then take advantage of an application called APTus (which is pre-installed)
and which allows you to install a wide range of Desktop managers and more.
In fact, through APTus, it is possible to perform many system maintenance operations,
such as cleaning, installing applications or updating the kernel.

SparkyLinux is a small well-designed distro,
recommended for those who want to experience something new
and those who like to take advantage of the new Debian.


::: LINUX LITE :::



For me the only XFCE distribution aesthetically beautiful,
always maintaining the lightness, you will find the packages and programs essential
to start using the computer (nothing superfluous),
Very similar to Xubuntu
as content but aesthetically more endearing
(if you do not have the desire or the time to change the look and feel of the board).
Recently, a beautiful user interface has been introduced, clean and elegant in Flat design style.
An easy-to-use distribution often used by users switching from Windows to Linux,
ideal for laptops and desktop computers.

Minimum Linux hardware requirements
Linux Distro full of functionality, but rather light.

700 MHz processor
512 MB of RAM
VGA screen (1024 × 768 resolution)
At least 2 GB of disk space
Data and features of Linux Lite
Considering the user interface, it is an excellent alternative to the Windows operating system

Based on the XFCE desktop environment
Ready to use. All you need is pre-installed.
Each version is LTS (5 years of support and updates)
One of the best user interfaces available on a lightweight Linux distro
Easily installed (and usable) via a USB flash drive

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